9months and older



What is polio vaccine?

What is polio?

Poliomyelitis is a disease caused by polio virus. Polio virus enters the body through the mouth. It can cause some serious illness;

  • Paralysis (can’t move arm or leg).
  • Meningitis (irritation of the lining of the brain).
  • It can kill people who get it, usually by paralyzing the muscles that help them breathe. Polio used to be very common in the United States. It paralyzed and killed thousands of people a year before the vaccine was invented.

Why get vaccinated?

Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) can prevent polio.


 A 1916 polio epidemic in the United States killed 6,000 people and paralyzed 27,000 more. In the early 1950’s there were more than 25,000 cases of polio reported each year. Polio vaccination was begun in 1955. By 1960 the number of reported cases had dropped to about 3,000, and by 1979 there were only about 10. The success of polio vaccination has sparked a world-wide effort to eliminate polio.


Polio has been eliminated from the United States. But the disease is still common in some parts of the world. It would only take one person infected with polio virus coming from another country to bring the disease back here if we were not protected by vaccine. If the effort to eliminate the disease from the world is successful, some day we won’t need polio vaccine. Until then, we need to keep getting our children vaccinated because Immunization against polio virus triggers an excellent immune response and long-lasting immunity to all types of polio virus.


When shall children get vaccinated?

IPV is a shot, given in the leg or arm, depending on age. It may be given at the same time as other vaccines.


Children get 4 doses of IPV, at these ages:

  • A dose at 2 months
  • A dose at 4 months
  • A dose at 6-18 months
  • A booster dose at 4-6 years (several different vaccines in the same shot) contain IPV.
  • Children getting these vaccines may get one more (5th) dose of polio vaccine. This is not a problem.

What are the risks from IPV?

Some people who get IPV get a sore spot where the shot was given. IPV has not been known to cause serious problems, and most people don’t have any problems at all with it. However, any medicine could cause a serious side effect, such as a severe allergic reaction but the risk of polio vaccine causing serious harm is extremely small.

Some people should not get IPV or should wait.

These people should not get IPV:

  • Anyone with a life-threatening allergy to any component of IPV, including the antibiotics neomycin, streptomycin or polymyxin B, should not get polio vaccine. Tell your doctor if you have any severe allergies.
  • Anyone who had a severe allergic reaction to a previous polio shot should not get another one.

These people should wait:

  • Anyone who is moder9months and olderately or severely ill at the time the shot is scheduled should usually wait until they recover before getting polio vaccine. People with minor illnesses, such as a cold, may be vaccinated.

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Babies’ Diet Plan

After a child is born, a mother realizes how harder it’s only going to get as the child is going to grow older. They are not sure what to feed the child with and are often worried because of it. To help ease their mind and put their worries to rest, we have produced this article.

From the time of birth to 4 months, the feeding behavior consists of breastfeeding or formula. Rooting reflex helps your baby to turn toward a nipple to find nourishment. As your baby’s digestive tract is still developing, no solid food is allowed for now.

By the time your child reaches the age of 4 to 6 months, you will want to shift to solid foods but know that it doesn’t matter whether your baby is breastfed or bottle-fed, there’s no rush to start solids. However, you can let the baby eat solid food if it can hold his/her head up, sits well in a highchair, makes chewing motions, shows significant weight gain and weighs at least 13 pounds, shows interest in food and/or can close mouth around a spoon. You can feed it breast milk or formula, and in case of solid food, you can feed it following:

  • Pureed vegetables (sweet potatoes, squash)
  • Pureed fruit (apples, bananas, peaches)
  • Pureed meat (chicken, beef)
  • Semi-liquid, iron-fortified cereal

The next question of how much per day can you feed; begin with 1 teaspoon pureed food or cereal. Mix cereal with 4 to 5 teaspoons breast milk or formula. Then increase to 1 tablespoon of pureed food or 1 tablespoon of cereal mixed with breast milk or formula. You may give it twice a day.

Next, for the ages between 6 and 8 months, it is essential that your child shows an interest in food. If he/she doesn’t, don’t hesitate to see a doctor. The feed is same as the above (for 4 to 6 months). You can include the following:

  • Pureed tofu
  • Small amounts of unsweetened yogurt (no cow’s milk until age 1)
  • Pureed legumes (black beans, chickpeas, edamame, fava beans, black-eyed peas, lentils, kidney beans)
  • Iron-fortified cereal (oats, barley)

Again, start with a teaspoon fruit; then gradually increase it to 2 or 3 tablespoons. Same for the vegetables and for cereal, 3 to 9 tablespoons would be fine.

As the child reaches a period between the ages of 8 to 10 months, there are only minute changes to his/her diet. You will notice how your baby will pick up objects with a pincer grasp and can transfer items from one hand to the other. In addition to what you were feeding before, add small amounts of soft pasteurized cheese and cottage cheese, mashed vegetables, mashed fruits, finger foods (O-shaped cereal, small bits of scrambled eggs, well-cooked pieces of potato, well-cooked spiral pasta, teething crackers, and small pieces of bagel) and proteins. From teaspoons and tablespoons shift to cups.

Lastly, during 10 to 12 months, you may feed your child soft pasteurized cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese fruit mashed or cut into cubes or strips, bite-size, soft-cooked vegetables, combo foods (macaroni and cheese, casseroles), proteins, finger foods and iron-fortified cereals (barley, wheat, oats, mixed cereals).

Following this, your child will be healthiest and will grow according to his/her age.

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The Joy of having a child

What is it like to have a child in your life? Is it sleepless nights, draining bank accounts and compromising work or is it one of the most amazing experiences? Defining what it is like to have children in your life is never easy. It is a rollercoaster of emotions, responsibilities and happiness. The eccentric feeling of being parents is not when you hold your child in your arms for the first time but it begins with a doctor announcing that a little bundle of joy is nurturing inside the woman’s womb. How blessed a couple will feel!

The idea of having a child sends parents in a world of tranquility. They spend days and nights thinking about the one about to enter their life. They begin with choosing a name –which doesn’t end at least till the delivery is due –and went on and on about what will be the first word of their child, how will their first birthday be celebrated, which school will he go to, and the list goes on. Parents and grandparents spend hours in shopping for the little bundle of joy. A nursery is renovated, a cradle is placed in the middle of the room, a wall is painted, and a closet is set. All wait for the time to fly and the entrance of a little angel in their life.

The day arrives when finally you take your child in your arms. Their soft cries are like romantic ballads to ears.Having a child make you forget about all your worries. There’s nothing in the world as magical as the warmth of a child’s body. There’s nothing in the world as comforting as the smile of your little baby. There’s no gift as precious as a child –a Nature’s way of telling you how blessed you are.

Having a child completely transforms you. You are no longer a shy person. You are courageous. There’s nothing in this world you wouldn’t face in order to keep your child happy and smiling. Childbirth turns a couple stronger. Life difficulties and hardships dissipate when you know that your hard work is for the good of your child. Children are the biggest blessing for every couple. They are the coolness of their parents’ eyes. They are a wave of freshness and joy. The love shared by parents and children wipe away all fears of having a child. Responsibilities become manageable when you are greeted with your children’s happy faces.

A child brings sense of purpose to your life. It tells you how and where your time should be spent. It helps you in setting priorities in life. Children bring immense amount of joy and laughter in your life. Their innocence helps you to fight the monsters within yourself. Granted you will have few bad days. There will be a time when you will be drowning under a heap of responsibilities. Maybe, it will seem like you cannot manage anything at all. However, one fine look at your baby will wipe away all your worries.

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Why Fathers Should Spend More And More Time With Kids?

A father’s love contribute as much as a mother’s love in developing the lives of their children. Research conducted in this field shows that the power of parental rejection and acceptance is quite strong in shaping our personalities as children and into adulthood.

Rohner and co-author Abdul Khaleque found that in response to rejection by their fathers, children tend to feel more anxious and insecure, as well as more hostile and aggressive toward others.

When it comes to the impact of a father’s love versus that of a mother, results from more than 500 studies suggest that while children and adults often experience more or less the same level of acceptance or rejection from each parent, the influence of father’s rejection can be much greater than the mother’s.

Father’s love is critical to a person’s development. Here are some of the reasons why fathers should spend more time with their kids.

Children with High IQ

 According to academics at the University of Newcastle, regardless of your own intelligence, just being involved in your child’s life will result in them being smarter and more prosperous. Father’s involvement in child’s development benefits in terms of skills and abilities that endure throughout adult life. A study in 2008 looked at more than 11,000 British fifty year-olds, and found that those whose fathers had been heavily involved in their childhoods had higher IQ scores.

Higher Self Esteem

 A study conducted by academics at Pennsylvania State University in 2012 followed the fortunes of 200 families, finding that children with involved fathers “may develop higher general self-worth because their fathers go beyond social expectations to devote undivided attention to them.”The more time a child spends with the fathers, both alone and as part of a group, the greater confidence they grow up with.

 Children Get in Less Trouble

 The closer the relationship fathers have with their children, the greater is thepossibility that the children will have high self-respect and self-acceptance. Less involved fathers facilitate the opposite reactions. For example, in a recent article published in American Psychologist, Dr. Louise Silverstein writes: “Research clearly documents the direct correlation between father absence and higher rates of aggressive behavior in sons, sexually precocious behavior in daughters, and more rigid sex stereotypes in children of both sexes.”

Children who have an involved father are more likely to be emotionally secure, be confident to explore their surroundings, and, as they grow older, have better social connections with peers. These children also are less likely to get in trouble at home, school, or in the neighborhood.

You Can Understand Their Abilities Better

The more time you spend with your children, the more realistically you will be able to assess their capacities and the more aware you will be of their particular talents and sensibilities. You will, therefore, have the optimal opportunity to provide challenging and stimulating interactions. You will discover not only what they enjoy doing, but how they enjoy doing it.

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Remember when the old granny told us that talk the way you want your kid to talk and walk the way you want your kid to walk. Yes, this absolutely is true.

Children start to perceive things much earlier than you really have an idea about. A study reveals that whatever a seven months pregnant lady listens up to is in the subconscious of the child. That is why we are often told to be careful about the things we enjoy and admire. A child has a blank mind; whatever picture you draw on it would be seen by the world.

In recent past, a child was diagnosed by a psychological issue at a very young age and that turned the matter into the fact that his parents used to fight a lot when he was only six months. This interprets that a six months old comprehends its surroundings way more than we assume. It is also important to state that growing up is a state of mind. More than it comes from experience, it comes from what state of mind you possess. When children go through stuff that makes them shake up their memories and lives, it impacts them in one way or the other.

All of the perceptions do not regard the negativities around only; many a times there is a significant sense in children about passion and love at a very early age. Whatever the like in particular gets obvious by their mood.

Quick question about this will help you understand this concept better: how does your child answers to who loves him more, you or your partner? Your child has his own parameters to judge love and that too without telling. He has a way smarter perspective than you think he has. This is the best example of what we are talking. It is the sense of understanding and care that lets the child believe who loves him more. You can never be sure what affects your child the most, though.

Children without knowing the use of watches or clocks, have a time for everything. There is a certain time they well ask for food, they have a particular time for when to start crying at night or when to sleep in the noon. They work through a time mechanistic program and this all happens even when they don’t even talk.

It is also believed that the psychology of parents gets transferred too in the child. For example, if a child has a mother who is depressed, after sometime the child would start being depressed in his own way. Children start sensing the emotions even if the words are not exchanged. Just like cats, children too sense emotions through eyes. You think you can fake it but you cannot. Their perceiving game is real and strong.

At an early age, the child start to understand the roles each family member possesses and this is when his primary socialization starts.

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Five things you wish you could control after your first child!

Life does not remain the same after the first child; there are certain changes and compromises that have to be made in order to keep up with the demands of parenthood. These compromises are the core reasons why parenthood is generally considered to be not a deal of the unwise. They need to be considered and thought upon well beforehand because once on this path, there is no turning back. This article has five of the general compromises that parents often wish they could control. They are listed below:

  1. Increase in responsibility:

People are generally afraid of responsibilities and they do not take them unless it becomes apparent that they will be able to fulfill them. This scenario is how it is supposed to be at least. When looking at it through this point of view, parenthood seems very scary. The responsibility of a little human then rests entirely on the parents’ shoulders and that is not something that can be taken lightly. The parents then have to look after their child until he/she grows old and becomes wise enough to take his/her own responsibility. That is a very long journey in itself. It is very important for people to understand this before becoming a parent.

  1. Identity Issues:

This is something very few people ponder upon while preparing their minds for a baby, however, it has the tendency to influence a lot of our decisions in our lives after becoming a parent. A child is born with their identity infused in their parents’ identity. Whatever they wear, however they live and the way they behave reflect directly upon their upbringing and hence on their parents’ identity. People start judging parents through their baby. Their attentions divert to the baby, and the baby suddenly starts defining them.

  1. Our personal physical needs:

This is a very common and widely known problem faced by parents all around the world. The physical chaos a person falls into after becoming a parent; the extremely fluctuating sleep cycles, lack of sense of individuality, obesity in many cases, and no personal space because babies stick with their parents and things like pampers etc. Every parent wishes that he/she could control all these things.

  1. Social sacrifices:

Babies restrict the social lives of their parents a lot because of the fact that those poor little creatures depend on them for their survival. They do not even know about this until they are told that they depend on their parents. In paying attention to their baby, their connections with other people do not matter anymore and nobody remains more important than their little baby.

  1. Distance between the spouses:

This distance synthesizes because of the very fact mentioned above, i.e. babies take up the due time of a lot of people in our lives including the time spouses have for each other. Even if ever so slightly, the relationship between two spouses does get influenced. It leads to separation in some cases.

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The fear of missing out on your child’s especial moments.

In this age of technology, capturing picture has become easier than ever before. Most of us have smart phones which have brilliant quality built in cameras which help us attain fine pictures of our children. But what do we do when our SD cards or IOS memory fills up?

Storage is a lot of trouble especially in Apple’s iPhone. When this hour strikes we start selecting the “less” important pictures in a frenzy to capture the current moments which seem more important at that time. This is what I did as well.

After the birth of my child, I would make tons of videos of him to show them to my husband, who complained about missing our child’s precious moments due to work. On the 2nd of October, he had his first recital at play school. His care taker, also known as “aunty”, made him a star costume and he was cued to recite ‘Twinkle Twinkle little star’. I had prepared him well but due to last minute frenzy I forgot my digital camera at home. When he appeared on stage, I started looking for my camera which was nowhere to be found. So I switched to my iPhone and tapped on the camera icon. But to my surprise, a message popped in on my screen “storage unavailable”. In great panic I started deleting all the existing photos and videos and managed capture his recital.

But to my dismay, when I reached home and went over my gallery I had accidently deleted the pictures from his first day of school, his Eid pictures and some birthday pictures as well. This left me heartbroken and the mommy guilt set in. If only I had remembered to clear the gallery and transfer all the images on Google drive or my Facebook account this would have never happened.

My story is a lesson for both Mums and Dads. When we have a child the excitement and frenzy is immense, we want to spend every single moment with our new bundle of joy, watching there every single move but nature has its own plans. Our children are growing up and they grow fast. One day they are learning how to crawl and the next day they are walking and soon they are off to school. It is only natural to save our child’s memories for the future, for them to see when they grow up, for their wedding days, for our grandchildren to see and for the days when we will get old.

In this age of time everything has a solution. I found Kidlr lately which has proved to be my diary. Kidlr is an app which can be downloaded on our smart phones; it helps save pictures and videos by uploading them on Kidlr. You can also share your media with your friends and family whom you add in your account.

Kidlr also serves as a reminder for your child’s upcoming doctor’s appointments, vaccination appointments and also allows you to mark your child’s milestones; be it the day he took his first step or the day he goes to school, Kidlr will help you document all important dates.

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Life changes completely after the first kid!

Children are a blessing and to be fortunate enough to have this joy after marriage is every couple’s dream. From enjoying the “firsts” to feeling the burden of increased responsibilities and commitments, parenting is an adventurous ride with its fair share of ups and downs.

But how does the life change after having the first child is a question everyone will answer differently. Each couple will have a different take on it. Some will think the storm of new experiences that comes daily is a treat to be cherished while others feel like the ease of life finishes and you have to be more careful, focused and accountable.

However, the case it is, being responsible for another living being is exciting yet overwhelming but to strive for a balance between the personal interests and your little bundle of joy is a real struggle.

From sacrificing the night’s sleep to answering the untimely hunger calls and then spending most of the time running errands around making sure the baby is calm and at peace; becoming parents for the first time is a big deal.

Having a child turns the world upside down. From seeing your life take a U-turn in a split second to feeling the exquisite form of love thrives in your chest, it is an altogether a completely unique experience.

Parents give up on so many things for their kids, their way of looking at life, the approach and everything alongside changes. From fretting about the minor coughs and rashes to being stressed about why they are not eating on time, why are they crying, why they are unable to sleep and so many other things; parents put their hearts out to give the best to their kids and make sure they are not troubled.

As fortunate and lucky one feels to hold the first child, there is a lot more in the scene to come. From being responsible for the child’s health, diapers, meals and toilet timing in the early days, to teaching them the basic etiquettes, taking care of their personal grooming and growth, installing the best attributes into them, helping them broaden their horizons, giving them wisdom and insight; parenting makes you change a lot, give up a lot, adopt many new and different things and mould into environments that you never thought could be your cup of tea.

You might be blown by so much at once. You would want to talk about the frustration that the sudden gush of responsibilities brings along. You would want to talk about how the social and personal life is affected after having your first child, you might urge to shout how frustrating parenthood can be at times but all in all, you would not want it any different.

To say the least, the first born has a big impact on the new parents. From the many sacrifices that you give to the joys you cherish, it is a roller coaster ride.

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Parenting your first born

All parents commit errors. Don’t trust it? Simply consider your very own parents. You will undoubtedly concoct a long flaws dripping rundown of things they wronged. The fact of the matter is nobody is faultless – particularly unexperienced parents. On the off chance that you haven’t had a ton of time around infants, their delicacy might scare you and that is pretty obvious and normal.

Now here you will be rightly guided over what to do and how to be around your first born for simulating a healthy and loving relationship among you two and the new addition.

Firstly, what most new parents make mistake is trusting every source. It is highly non recommended and unreliable. Only believe in those sources that have a sound past in what they say. There would be even strangers giving you unwanted advices and rather getting into any argument just smile it away and only act upon it if you feel to be acting upon it.

If your child cries, it is pretty normal and, well, not crying is abnormal in this case. Do not panic over anything and everything. Parents can literally ruin all the sweet pleasures of their first born by worrying over every petty thing. Now this absolutely does not mean to wipe you off all the concerns but it is just that you need to be wise enough in your child’s case.

Wash your hands (or utilize a hand sanitizer) always before taking care of your newborn. Babies don’t have a solid invulnerable immune system yet, so they are exposed to diseases. Ensure that everybody who carries or takes care of your infant has clean hands.

Be mindful so as to cradle your infant’s head and neck. Support the head while carrying your child and bolster the head while carrying the infant straight or when you lay your infant down. Be mindful so as not to avoid shaking your infant, whether in play or in frustration. Shaking that is enthusiastic can bring about blood loss in the cerebrum and even it can cause death. In the event that you have to wake your newborn child, don’t do it by shaking — rather, tickle your infant’s feet or blow delicately on a cheek.

Ensure your child is safely attached into theholder, stroller, or auto situate. Restrict any movement that could be too unpleasant or bouncy. Keep in mind that your infant is not prepared for unpleasant play, for example, being twisted on the knee or tossed noticeable all around.

Try not to give your newborn child milk in bed once teeth have ejected. This will build the danger of creating holes. Utilize a wet cloth to wipe down your infant’s gums. And even begin utilizing a toothbrush when the child turns 1. It’s additionally critical to ensure your infant is getting enough fluoride. Fluoride is discovered normally in water and averts cavities. A few towns have fluoridated water through the taps.

Stay connected with your marriage. You must ensure the sensation of a couple. Do not miss out on your beautiful essence in putting all your love in to your child. You think your child does not know? Well you are wrong. Your child basically can pick up all the vibes around, in his/her third month. Your care towards each other gets him/her to be happy. Your child loves your loving relationship and any fights or snapping attitude is what he would pick even if you won’t wish. Always be good around your child. You are the agents of your child’s primary socialization and let your child pick the best virtues of all.

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Reasons for Keeping Kid’s Memories Safe

Often when parents are asked about why they save their kids’ memories, the replies are all pretty much the same. Some like being nostalgic and save those things to actually save the memories. In answer to this question my aunt said, “So that when I’m not near them I still have the privilege to relive the moments spent with them.”

There is always an underlying theory and principle behind what we choose to do. These underlying theories and principles somehow define us. Therefore, there are variable reasons behind why parents keep their kids’ memories safe depending from individual to individual.

As social animals and as packages of emotions and physics, we depend upon each other. Our survival has depended upon these connections from the beginning of time. The urge of survival triggers the emotional set up, ultimately forming families and dependence. When we become a parent for the first time, we own our child and care for him/her for the same reason. The emotional link develops and it remains there. Parents know that their children will leave them and move on to form their own families someday, and this gives them the insecurity that the connection they invested so many of their emotions into will one day be lost. They then save their connections in the form of memories, so that whenever there are bad times, those memories help them relax and their future then seems easier to them.

Becoming a parent is more than just a routine change that occurs in a person’s life. Parenting is an entirely new chapter, a new phase, a new beginning of a new type of experience where a lot of past facts and figures do not apply any longer. The smallest of the things begin to have such strong impacts that one might not have anticipated beforehand e.g. early in parenthood the little adorable clothes become so dear to us and then in no time our kids grow out of them. What actually happens is that our life suddenly starts going at the growth rate of our babies. Our brain does not get enough time to contemplate upon what makes us happy and comprehend why suddenly all these things seem so fascinating. We then keep moving on and staying in the present. The baby grows into a toddler and then in no time, the toddler starts walking and then he/she also starts talking. Soon little tantrums start kicking in and we begin to witness all sorts of things that we might not have even considered before being a parent. We do not get our fill of the past and we realize that from the very beginning, so we make efforts to save all the little things we can.

As it is apparent, these saved memories are not just apparatus for nostalgia. They may hold bigger things like support, sense of security, happiness, strength, even sorrows; depending upon individual to individual, helping us define ourselves.

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The Joy of Your Kids’ First Everything

Throughout your life, there are many memories that get preserved in your heart and mind, and are hence cherished forever. When you become a parent, the memories related to your kids become your prized possession. The most precious moments in a parent’s life are when a kid does something for the first time. It is natural for a parent to see their kid as the centre of their existence. Every moment spent with your child is special for you, but when you see them doing something for the first time, you want to capture that moment in your eyes and heart forever.

When your child is born, his or her mere existence makes you experience being in heaven. You rejoice as their eyes slowly gaze across all the family members present. When they slowly start recognizing family members and start responding to their presence by turning their heads, your heart leaps with joy.

As a parent, one of the greatest first time memory of your kid is when he or she is finally able to call you ‘mom’ or ‘dad’. From the first day of birth, parents yearn for the day they’ll be called mom or dad by their kid. This is truly a memory worth filming and one of the days that are worth remembering. Listening to their baby calling them dad or mum really makes a parent’s heart soar and experience one of the best forms of joy a human can go through. Seeing your kid learning to say a few words gradually is something you cannot help but cherish.

A parent is always eager to make sure that their kid’s growth is proper and they start walking by themselves at the proper time. Another moment of huge importance for a parent is when after weeks of trying to make their baby stand up and take a few steps by holding their hand, the baby takes his or her first step. A kid’s small step is a huge accomplishment for a parent. You want to be there and experience it yourself with teary eyes as you see your baby walk the first few steps without any help. It is certainly a moment worth capturing as a video or photograph. It is one of the things that every parent wants to see their kid doing for the first time, and most parents feel sad if they happened to have missed it for some reason.

As your child grows up, your expectations and longings also grow. You want to see them having a great childhood and growing up smart and healthy. The kid’s first day at school is another event that is really important for parents. It is the day when your kid finally starts his or her academic life, and also the day your kid starts spending a few hours at some place without your company. Many kids feel nervous and emotional on the first day of school, but the parents also feel equally nervous, emotional, but excited.

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